Whoever VS. Whomever

It does get confusing at times to choose between the two. However, there is an easy way. (6 minutes activity)

You might be someone who uses Whoever because it sounds more casual and the way everyone talks or you might be someone who uses Whomever because it sounds formal. Let’s understand the concept of Whoever vs. Whomever and make our English life less complicated.

Whoever is a subject and works like the pronouns he, she, and they.

Example- Whoever arrives first, gets to eat first.

In this case, We have chosen the word Whoever because we need a subject in this sentence. This is because our verb is ‘arrives’. Now, to find the subject we need to figure out who is performing the action of the verb. In this case, it is Whoever. This is why we have chosen a subject version.

Whomever is an object and works like the pronouns him, her, and them.

Example- I will sing with whomever.

In this case, ‘sing’ is the action and who is performing the action? It’s ‘I’ which is our subject. Who is the action ‘I’ am following on or who am ‘I’ doing action with? In this case, it is Whomever. Here, Whomever is the object which is why we need the word Whomever instead of Whoever.

It all depends on understanding how it functions.

Whoever is a subject pronoun. In the sentence above, whoever function the same way as I, he, she, we, and they. So, the subject pronouns refer to the thing or person that is performing the action of a verb.

On the other hand, whomever is an object pronoun. Whomever functions the same way as me, him, her, us, and them. An object pronoun can serve as the direct object of a verb (something that receives the action of a verb), or the object of a preposition.

Still confusing? The trick is

The ‘M” trick just to verify if you’re making the right choice.

With the trick, the word ‘Whomever’ can be substituted with ‘Him” and the word ‘He’ with ‘Whoever’ as neither of them has an ‘M”. To apply this trick, just replace the word ‘Whomever’ with ‘Him’ in the sentence “I will sing with whomever”. Let us rewrite now as “I will sing with him”. This perfectly makes sense.

Let us practise now. Or practice? Should it be practise or practice? Let us stick to practise, for now, we will look at practice vs. practise later.


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